Posted: March 21st, 2016
• Understand the need for standard laboratory procedures and diagnostic tests relevant to the patient under investigation.
• Understand the importance of reference ranges, the use of scientific units and quality control.
• Understand the importance of the correct preparation of buffers, standard solutions, and other solutions used in the laboratory; include weighing, pipetting, use of volumetric glassware, and making appropriate dilutions of standard and test solutions.
• Understand the importance of manual dexterity and the safe use of a range of instrumentation and commonly used techniques including: microscopy; spectroscopy; centrifugation; electrophoresis; chromatography; electroanalytical techniques; automated analysis; immunological techniques; enzyme assays and molecular biology techniques; sterilisation techniques and microbial culture; identification and quantitation of microorganisms; microtomy.
• Know the methods for processing and analysing specimens including methods of specimen identification, the effect of storage on specimens and the safe retrieval of specimens.
• Know the correct procedures for calibration, for quality control checks and for correcting simple equipment faults.
• Understand the common causes of non-analytical errors and the implications of these for the test result.
• Be aware of the role of near-patient testing and non-invasive techniques used in diagnostic pathology and monitoring for patient care.
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