Introduction to Health Care discussion board

Introduction to Health Care discussion board

Our nation is built on a free-market system. The delivery of health care is no exception. The United States spends more per capita than others in the world without quality outcomes. It has been stated that the United States is behind in the efficient and timely delivery of care as well as that it is the responsibility of all stakeholders to find a resolution to the inefficiencies of the current health care system. Therefore, it is the responsibility of all stakeholders to ensure the delivery of quality health care in the most effective and efficient manner.

This week you will review the simulation titled, Cost, Quality and Access for Trevor, in Chapter 1.1 of your course textbook. Once you have completed reviewing each of the simulations,

Examine the concerns and issues within each simulation coming from each of the following stakeholder perspectives:
patient
family
health care professionals.
Determine what could have been done differently to address the issues identified in all the options in relation to cost, quality, and access

Using the timeline from the textbook, consider how the U.S. healthcare system has evolved over the past 50 years. Much of the evolution was due to the political landscape, societal constraints, consumer demand, escalating costs, and the advancement in technology. We have seen legislation and legal cases that have had a major influence on the health care system. Review the U.S. healthcare system timeline.

Choose one of the influencing factors from the timeline and discuss its impact on the system. Provide your rationale as to why you think it has been revolutionary in changing the system.

There are four specific reimbursement methods in our healthcare system. For this discussion, you will make your initial post on one of the four methods of reimbursement and will make responses to two of the other three methods of reimbursement threads. The reimbursement method you will be discussing in your initial post depends on the first initial of your last name. See the table below, then post an argument within your topic group that explains why your method of reimbursement is the best method for the U.S. healthcare system. You and each of your classmates will also post rebuttals to one person from two of the other methods – staying focused on the argument for your specific reimbursement method. For help, review the Understanding Insurance Models game in the Chapter 3 Summary section of your textbook.

Students with last names starting with “H are assigned to Method 1. Support fee-for-service throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to two of the other Methods (2, 3, or 4).

Students with last names starting with “M are assigned to Method 2. Support capitation throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to two of the other Methods (1, 3, or 4).

Students with the last names starting with “R are assigned to Method 3. Support pay-for-performance throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to two other Methods (1, 2, or 4).

Students with the last names starting with “Z are assigned to Method 4. Support the value-based model throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to two other Methods (1, 2, or 3).

To post your initial post, find your topic group above. Open that forum by selecting your assigned topic group and post your response. Then, visit the other topic groups to post your classmate responses. Two classmate responses are required, in which you will explain how the method you have been assigned is better than theirs. Keep in mind that you are taking a position on one of these methods, which you may or may not agree with personally.

Your original post should be at least 250 words with at least two scholarly sources that support your view. Your rebuttals should be at least 150 words with at least one scholarly source supporting your rebuttal.

Example: You are assigned to Method 1” fee-for-service. Your original post discusses why the fee-for-service model is best for the U.S. healthcare system. Your response posts will refute two of the other methods in the other topic groups by stating why fee-for-service is better than capitation, pay-for-performance, or the value-based model. You need to include justification for your response.

Method 1: Fee-For-Service (last names A-H)
This space contains arguments for the fee-for-service method. In your initial post:

Examine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced the overall health care system.
Identify how this reimbursement model evolved as a solid and crucial part of the health care system.
Determine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced cost, quality, and access of care.
Guided Response: Review at least two of the other methods in the other topic groups. Respond to at least two of your classmates who have posted an argument for two of the other methods. In your responses,:

Examine how your classmates model has a more negative influence on the health care system than the other models.
Identify how your classmates model has a weaker foundation for being part of the health care system (i.e., historical value of yours vs. theirs).
Determine how your classmates model has negatively influenced cost, quality, and access of care in comparison to your model.
Method 2: Capitation (last names I-M)
This space contains arguments for the capitation method. In your initial post:

Examine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced the overall health care system.
Identify how this reimbursement model evolved as a solid and crucial part of the health care system.
Determine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced cost, quality, and access of care.
Guided Response: Review at least two of the other methods in the other topic groups. Respond to at least two of your classmates who have posted an argument for two of the other methods. In your responses

Examine how your classmates model has a more negative influence on the health care system than the other models.
Identify how your classmates model has a weaker foundation for being part of the health care system (i.e., historical value of yours vs. theirs).
Determine how your classmates model has negatively influenced cost, quality, and access of care in comparison to your model.
Method 3: Pay-For-Performance (last names N-R)
This space contains arguments for the pay-for-performance method. In your initial post,

Examine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced the overall health care system.
Identify how this reimbursement model evolved as a solid and crucial part of the health care system.
Determine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced cost, quality, and access of care.
Guided Response: Review at least two of the other methods in the other topic groups. Respond to at least two of your classmates who have posted an argument for two of the other methods. In your responses:

Examine how your classmates model has a more negative influence on the health care system than the other models.
Identify how your classmates model has a weaker foundation for being part of the health care system (i.e., historical value of yours vs. theirs).
Determine how your classmates model has negatively influenced cost, quality, and access of care in comparison to your model.
Method 4: Value-Based Model (last names S-Z)
This space contains arguments for the value-based model. In your initial post,

Examine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced the overall health care system.
Identify how this reimbursement model evolved as a solid and crucial part of the health care system.
Determine how this reimbursement model has positively influenced cost, quality, and access of care.
Guided Response: Review at least two of the other methods in the other topic groups. Respond to at least two of your classmates who have posted an argument for two of the other methods. In your responses,

Examine how your classmates model has a more negative influence on the health care system than the other models.
Identify how your classmates model has a weaker foundation for being part of the health care system (i.e., historical value of yours vs. theirs).
Determine how your classmates model has negatively influenced cost, quality, and access of care in comparison to your model.

A Day in the Life
Delivery of health care is provided in a variety of settings by a diverse group of health care professionals. Physicians and nurses comprise the majority of the health care workforce; however there are far more professionals that encompass the field of healthcare. Review the Healthcare Roles Gallery Tour to view numerous positions within the health care field.

Choose two professions in health care from Chapter 4. Do not select a physician or nurse. Research your chosen two careers further and tell a day-in-the-life story for both professionals. Within your story, identify two critical issues that this individual would face on their job.

Delivery of health care is provided in a variety of settings by a diverse group of health care professionals. Physicians and nurses comprise the majority of the health care workforce; however there are far more professionals that encompass the field of healthcare. Review the Healthcare Roles Gallery Tour to view numerous positions within the health care field.

Choose two professions in health care from Chapter 4. Do not select a physician or nurse. Research your chosen two careers further and tell a day-in-the-life story for both professionals. Within your story, identify two critical issues that this individual would face on their job.

This week we discuss the levels of care in the U.S. healthcare system. There are three delivery mode options. The delivery mode you will be discussing depends on the first initial of your last name. See the table below.

For your assigned option you will enter the corresponding topic group below and follow the instructions.

Guided Responses: Those who are assigned to Delivery Mode 1 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 2 and 3, Delivery Mode 2 will respond to those in Delivery Mode 1 and 3, and Delivery Mode 3 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 1 and 2. Review the six concerns listed in each of your classmates’ discussions. Select two concerns within each post and examine how stakeholders in their specific delivery mode might address two of them.

Students with last names starting with €“H are assigned to Delivery Mode 1—long-term care”throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to each of the other modes.

Students with last names starting with “P are assigned to Delivery Mode 2—mental health throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to each of the other modes.

Students with the last names starting with Q “Z are assigned to Delivery Mode 3—integrative care throughout this discussion; submit rebuttals to each of the other modes.

Delivery Mode 1: Long-Term Care (last names A-H)
This space is for discussion of the long-term care mode of delivery.
Examine this mode of delivery and address the following elements in your discussion:

Describe the type of care this option provides. Consider the following:
Who is the target client?
What professionals work within that mode?
What does this mode offer in terms of care?
What are the expected outcomes?
Discuss at least two specific issues or concerns that affect the delivery of care for each of the following categories listed below (a total of six concerns):
legal and regulatory
ethical
social
Guided Responses: Those who are assigned to Delivery Mode 1 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 2 and 3, Delivery Mode 2 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 1 and 3, and Delivery Mode 3 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 1 and 2. Review the six concerns listed in each of your classmates™ discussions. Select two concerns within each post and examine how stakeholders in their specific delivery mode might address two of them.

Delivery Mode 2: Mental Health (last names I-P)
This space is for discussion of the mental health mode of delivery.
Examine this mode of delivery and address the following elements in your discussion:
Describe the type of care this option provides. Consider the following:
Who is the target client?
What professionals work within that mode?
What does this mode offer in terms of care?
What are the expected outcomes?
Discuss at least two specific issues or concerns that affect the delivery of care for each of the following categories listed below (a total of six concerns):
legal and regulatory
ethical
social
Guided Responses: Those who are assigned to Delivery Mode 1 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 2 and 3, Delivery Mode 2 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 1 and 3, and Delivery Mode 3 will respond to those in Delivery Modes 1 and 2. Review the six concerns listed in each of your classmates’ discussions. Select two concerns within each post and examine how stakeholders in their specific delivery mode might address two of them.

Delivery Mode 3: Integrative Care (last names Q-Z)
This space is for discussion of the integrative care mode of delivery.
Examine this mode of delivery and address the following elements in your discussion:
Describe the type of care this option provides. Consider the following:
Who is the target client?
What professionals work within that mode?
What does this mode offer in terms of care?
What are the expected outcomes?
Discuss at least two specific issues or concerns that affect the delivery of care for each of the following categories listed below (a total of six concerns):
legal and regulatory
ethical
social

Review the Health Care Roles Gallery Tour from Week Two, taking note of the information under your assigned role for this discussion. Your role is assigned below according to the first initial of your last name. See the table below.

In this discussion, imagine that your organization or facility is changing from paper medical records to electronic health records. While staying within your assigned role:

Demonstrate how you would participate in this change (e.g., identify your needs, state your concerns and complaints, and describe your specific role in the transformation).
Examine the ethical and legal issues that you would identify from the perspective of your role.
Describe how you would approach at least one of your identified ethical or legal concerns during this transfer to EHRs.

Put your assigned role in the subject line of your discussion post.

Assigned roles according to first initial of last name:

First Initial of Last Name    Health Care Role
A-B     Medical and health services manager
C-D     Receptionist
E-F     Physician and surgeon
G-H     Physician assistant
I-J     Registered nurse
K-L     Nurse practitioner
M-N     Medical assistant
O-P     Health educator
Q-S     Information technologist
T-V     Medical records and health technician
W-X     Medical coding
Y-Z     Medical billing
Week 4 Discussion

Healthcare systems around the world provide different levels and types of care; funding foreign systems is dramatically different from the United States. Choose a country other than the United States, and research its health care system.

For this discussion, you will provide an overview on your selected countrys health care system. Â In your main response, address the following elements including consideration of your answers to the questions below:

Describe any foreign healthcare system by answering the following questions:
How do the people in the country access health care?
How do the citizens of the country pay for the health care?
What is the quality of the health care they receive? Are there unique services provided?
Describe some of the pros and cons of the system.
Identify at least two examples of similarities between your selected country and the U.S. healthcare system.
Differentiate between U.S. health care and the health care system of the country you chose by sharing at least two examples of how they are different.
You must use at least two scholarly or government resources besides your textbook in your research and response.

Week 5 Discussion

Now that you have gone through this introductory class of the U.S. healthcare system, post a substantial response to the following:

Part I:

The PPACA is considered the most comprehensive federal law on health care since the inception of Medicare and Medicaid.
Examine three key elements of the act that you believe will be the most positive for the country (in your examination, you must include reasons behind your selection of these three elements).
Examine three key elements of the act that you believe will be the most negative for the country (in your examination, you must include reasons behind your selection of these three elements).

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Part II:

Examine the future of health care in the United States.
Look back to your own definition of the healthcare system posted in Week One. How would you define it now after studying health care throughout this course? Post both definitions and examine the differences.
Examine where you see the U.S. healthcare system in the next 5 or 10 years.
Describe any potential reforms, research, suggestions for improvements, etc.

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