Posted: April 5th, 2015
Romantic landscapes by Robert Duncanson
Your research projects will be written up focusing on one piece that fits your topic, with other images
included to enhance the reader’s understanding of the piece, almost as if you were writing a lecture that
centered on one work, but incorporated other objects to elucidate the work’s context and meaning.
Include Xerox images (black and white is fine) AFTER your text and bibliography. Number them by figure
(Fig. 1) and refer to them that way in the text (“The diagonals in his other works are very obvious [Figs.
1, 2, 3]).
The paper should consist of five double-spaced pages at 12-point size with 1” margins, plus annotated
bibliography and images. Some of your information will have to do with the artworks themselves, and
some will be related background material; keep biographic information to a minimum, using it only
when applicable, and avoid topics that are strictly biographical.
Your paper MUST include (in addition to the five pages and the Xeroxed images) an ANNOTATED
BIBLIOGRAPHY. An annotated bibliography is a bibliography which, after listing the author’s name,
source title (volume, issue and page numbers if it’s a journal), city of publication, publisher and date,
includes a sentence or two about how useful the source was to your research. These are two examples
(FOLLOW THIS FORMAT IN YOUR OWN BIBLIOGRAPHY; ENTRIES SHOULD BE IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER BY
LAST NAME; this generally follows Turabian Humanities format, and you can refer to it in greater detail
from the library’s home page under “Virtual Reference”>citation.
Here, however, are useful samples for the most common entries.
Model your entries after them. DO NOT USE WEBSITES, ENCYCLOPEDIAE OR YOUR TEXTBOOK AS
Osunde, Robert. “The Igue festival in Benin Kingdom.” Ivie 9 (2, 1976): 34-67.
This article concentrated on a palace ceremony, but included a brief section on crowns with
good illustrations. FOR A JOURNAL ARTICLE. IN THIS CITATION, “9” IS THE VOLUME AND “2” IS
THE ISSUE; “34-67” DESCRIBES THE PAGES.
Direct quotes must be in quotation marks and be cited, but avoid
direct quotes unless they are the artist’s own words. Otherwise, paraphrase and cite the appropriate
scholar. Do this with parenthetical citations in the text; they must include the author’s last name, the
year of publication AND THE PAGE NUMBER. Here’s an example of a sentence that is NOT a direct quote,
but summarizes an entire paragraph in the paper writer’s own words—nonetheless, it accurately credits
Lee-Smith directly related the isolation in his landscape to his enforced alienation from the
white majority (Horner 1999: 24).
NO PLAGIARISM. Try to make what you write interesting, well-written and informative–something you’d like to read.
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