Posted: April 11th, 2016

Prepare a variable costing (behavioral) income statement for the company in good format?

The Used Books Company is a small online retailer operating out of a garage apartment. The owner buys books at garage sales, thrift shops, library sales, and whenever an opportunity arises. The company classified all books into five categories based on cost of acquisition and estimated sales price. See below for details about books purchased and sold during the last year (20XX).

Price Categories

Units Sold 2,000 1,000 500 400 400
Units Purchased 3,000 1,200 1,000 1,000 1,000

Resale Price $4.00 $15.00 $25.00 $45.00 $40.00
Cost $0.50 $5.00 $10.00 $20.00 $20.00

In addition to purchasing inventory (used books), The Used Book Store incurs some operating expenses.

Variable operating expenses
Shipping per book $ 1.50

Fixed expenses
Internet-related costs $5,000
Travel, etc. 2,000
Advertising 1,000
Other overhead 3,000

– Prepare a variable costing (behavioral) income statement for the company in good format.
– Prepare a second variable costing statement assuming 90% of all the books in each category purchased were actually sold.
– Prepare a third variable costing statement assuming that the price is increased by 50% for all five categories (use original sales information).
– What type of information do you derive from the income statements you prepared above? The owner enjoys the used-book business. Any suggestions as how to turn this into a full-time business venture so the owner can quit his other job?

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