Posted: April 24th, 2016

# What is the firm’s optimal capital structure?

5.
Medical Corporation of America (MCA) has a current stock price of \$36 and its last dividend (D0) was \$2.40. In view of MCA’s strong financial position, its required rate of return is 12 percent. If MCA’s dividends are expected to grow at a constant rate in the future, what is the firm’s expected stock price in five years?

6.
A broker offers to sell you shares of Bay Area Healthcare, which just paid a dividend of \$2 per share. The dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 5 percent per year. The stock’s required rate of return is 12 percent.
a. What is the expected dollar dividend over the next three years?
b. What is the current value of the stock and the expected stock price at the end of each of the next three years?
c. What is the expected dividend yield and capital gains yield for each of the next three years?
d. What is the expected total return for each of the next three years?
e. How does the expected total return compare with the required rate of return on the stock? Does this make sense? Explain your answer.

7.
Seattle Health Plans currently uses zero-debt financing. Its operating income (EBIT) is 1 million, and it pays taxes at a 40 percent rate. It has \$5 million in assets and, because it is all equity financed, \$5 million in equity. Suppose the firm is considering replacing half of its equity financing with debt financing bearing an interest rate of 8 percent.
a. What impact would the new capital structure have on the firm’s net income, total dollar return to investors, and ROE?
b. Redo the analysis, but now assume that the debt financing would cost 15 percent.
c. Return to the initial 8 percent interest rate. Now, assume that EBIT could be as low as \$500,000 (with a probability of 20 percent) or as high as \$1.5 million (with a probability of 20 percent). There remains a 60 percent chance that EBIT would be \$1 million. Redo the analysis for each level of EBIT, and find the expected values for the firm’s income, total dollar return to investors, ROE. What lesson about capital structure and risk does this illustration provide?
d. Repeat the analysis required for Part a, but now assume that Seattle Health Plans is a not-for-profit corporation and pays no taxes. Compare the results with those obtained in Part a

8.
Calculate the after-tax cost of debt for the Wallace clinic, a for-profit healthcare provider, assuming that the coupon rate set on its debt is 11 percent and its tax rate is
a. 0 percent
b. 20 percent
c. 40 percent

9.
St. Vincent’s Hospital has a target capital structure of 35 percent debt and 65 percent equity. Its cost of equity (fund capital) estimate is 13.5 percent and its cost of tax-exempt debt estimate is 7 percent. What is the hospital’s corporate cost of capital?

10.
Richmond Clinic has obtained the following estimates for its costs of debt and equity at various capital structures:

Percent Debt After-Tax Cost of Debt Cost of Equity
0% _ 16%
20 6.6% 17
40 7.8 19
60 10.2 22
80 14. 0 27
What is the firm’s optimal capital structure? (Hint: Calculate its corporate cost of capital at each structure. Also, note that data on component costs at alternative capital structures are not reliable in real-world situations.)

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