Political life of the European Medieval Culture
The European high Middle Ages, lasted from about 1050 to 1300, suggest for most people a cultural interval between the standard period of the Greeks and Roman society and the Renaissance. The idea is on contrary to High Middle Ages which was a dynamic period that developed the identity of the European and development being stimulated by the interactions of the European with other cultures in the Mediterranean and the Eurasia. Most of the political and social forms and institutions afterward connected to the European history were founded in the times of this era.
This paper looks into the political life of the European Medieval Culture and its contribution to the recent politics in the European Society. It is believed that the political organization that exists in Europe now was something that began in the ancient times. These political practices were inherited, carried from one generation to another, being shaped and changed depending on the new experiences and innovations in life. The paper is therefore to give an understanding of how the European political life developed up to where it stands now and what led to the changes that were made to make up the modern politics in the European society. The paper therefore comes out to argue that several upcoming factors in the medieval culture of Europe helped in the shaping of the current European political practices.
AlSayyad, Nezar, and Manuel Castells. Muslim Europe or Euro-Islam: politics, culture, and citizenship in the age of globalization. Lexington Books, 2002.
This article is important as it looks into the changing of realities and identity perception within the Europe. There is the need for full acknowledgement of the fact of ethnic diversity and religion. Muslim population got themselves part of a complex procedure of the European identity reconstruction and deconstruction from the above and below. The existence of the Islam within the European borders is pushing the reexamination of what it stands to be European, and giving profound and confusing questions about citizenship issues, civil society participation, and political recognition and being included or excluded. This article therefore gives why the composition of the Europe is full of the Christian population as compared to Muslim and what led to this and the distribution of the two religions. This also gives the making of the laws according to the religion that holds the power most, and thus in Europe the political life was somehow most guided by the Christian religion. This therefore come up with religion as one of the factors that contributed to the political power in the European with Christians being many as compared to the Muslims thus controlling a large part of the Europe.
Anderson, James. “The shifting stage of politics: new medieval and postmodern territorialities?.” Environment and Planning D 14 (1996): 133-154.
This article looks into the changing shape of politics in the European society. The globalization has intensified making a shift in the Europe political institutions, complex and practices. However, the EU is usually produced in traditional functionalist or realist terms which unclear the possibility that fresh distinctive political forms arc emerging. The article argues on new medieval and postmodern conceptualizations of sovereignty, with recognition on geographic space in becoming more multifaceted and relative. Conventional political rules based on absolute place are more problematic for getting to know the political complexities of provisional globalization. In the article, the writer has come up with sovereignty transformation from medieval to modern and to postmodern, with focus on unbundling the territorial with traditional conceptions of the sovereignty remaining dormant. Furthermore there exist problems both with the new medievalism historical analogies and postmodern elusive notions. However, despite the qualifications and the problems, the concepts are significance in exploring radical transformation possibilities, both with space-time of the stage which the politics actor operates and the actor themselves. This article is therefore important in giving the information in the transformation of the political life up to the modern times as globalization takes place. Therefore, through globalization, political rules are bound to change to fit the new world and technology.
Mearsheimer, John J. “Back to the future: instability in Europe after the Cold War.” International security (1990): 5-56.
This article looks into the state of the European society after the cold war, which is believed to have widely affected the Europeans and influenced their current state. The reflective changes now in progress in Europe have been extensively seen as harbingers of fresh age of peace. After the cold war, it has been argued that the war threat that had been in Europe for more than for decades is now lifting. The article is therefore involved in the assessment of the optimistic view through exploration of the consequences of the end cold war for Europe in detail. The author in the article is involved in the examination of the effect of the scenario under which the cold war ends completely. This article is important in the completion of my paper as it looks into the cold war which in one way or the other had a wide effect on the political life in the medieval period. The war determined those who remained to form political rules to govern the Europe. The cold war therefore stands to be one of the vital factors that shaped the European political life.
Smith, Anthony D. “Culture, community and territory: the politics of ethnicity and nationalism.” International Affairs (Royal Institute of International Affairs 1944-) (1996): 445-458.
This article analyzes the impact of the politics on the nationalism and ethnicity and their elite political uses. Most scholars concentrate on the modernist and instrumentalist views of nationalism and ethnicity hence less treatment to nationalism and ethnicity impacts. The article explores the relationship that exists between culture and politics. Cultural practices by the Europe society must have one way or the other have some influence on the political life in the medieval times in Europe. Most of the political practices recently are viewed back to the ancient times being transferred from one generation to the other. This article, having looked into the relationship of culture to the political life, gives information concerning how the culture shaped the politics practiced in the Europe society. The article having information on the political impacts on the nationalism and ethnicity gives us the idea on the distribution of different races with the European society, which is usually unevenly distributed with one race having more powers as compared to the other. These factors in one way or the other influenced the European modern political life.
Carver, Martin. “Why that? Why there? Why then? The politics of early medieval monumentality.” Journal??????? (2001): 1-22. & the stable URL
This article discusses the history of early period of medieval in the north-west Europe. This article majorly involves monuments. Monuments comprises the vocabulary of the political language, fossilized descriptions of the arguments that were repetitive and may have interconnection to what was desired than had took place. The architecture, sculpture get their real meaning in the target of each generation that studied them. The motives attached by the author to the construction of the monuments in the article by the author to be discussed have fewer characterizations of the reflective stresses that were shown by their makers. This article therefore gives the monuments that can be related to the political life of the Europe. These monuments are there as symbols which signifies some of the political rules that were used in the past. This article is therefore important as it gives the physical factors that were used by the Europe in their political system during the medieval period. For instance, having a preserved place for political parties meetings is what that must existed during the medieval times.
Berezin, Mabel. “Politics and culture: a less fissured terrain.” Annual Review of Sociology (1997): 361-383.
This article looks into the position of the political and culture in the medieval period and to some extent looks into their interrelationship. The area of the politics and culture has moved from cultural inquiry margins to the evidenced centers by the number of persons who calls themselves as working within sections and by its growing social institutional. Political culture to some extent has suggestions of the limits of the cultural actions in which the political boundaries take place. This article therefore proves on how the culture can actually form the politics of a country. It therefore proves that the political stand of the Europe was founded under the culture that was practices during the medieval period of the Europeans. A bigger culture can to a wide extent have influence on a small culture and which is not easy in vice versa. The political practiced that is therefore seen now in the European society is to some point from the cultural influence. This article is important as it brings out the understanding of the relationship between the political life in Europe and the surrounding culture in the medieval period.
Sponsler, Claire. “The Culture of the Spectator: Conformity and Resistance to Medieval Performances.” Theatre Journal (1992): 15-29.
This article examines the various cultures with their contribution to the European society. The drama of medieval Europe has attracted unusual attention, to some extent surprisingly provided the marginalization suffered for most of the 20th century. However, with the declining historical formalist model, which was advantageous to the literary played role in the later and renaissance periods, making the study of the medieval drama coming to its own. The article comes to show a Europe politics to be a contribution by various groups. The final decisions of the best politics to follow were agreement by various parties who by one way or the other were after living in peace and harmony. This article is very important as it brings the understanding of who created the European political life. It contributes to the knowledge on how various parties came to agreement in the formation of the political life of Europe. From the article I am in a position to see how the politics in the Europe change in the medieval period.
Flanagan, Scott C., and Aie-Rie Lee. “The new politics, culture wars, and the authoritarian-libertarian value change in advanced industrial democracies.” Comparative Political Studies 36, no. 3 (2003): 235-270.
This article examines the shifting of the political life and rules in the western countries with the Europe included. The plurality of the world views which are conflicting are recently got in the advanced industrial democracies of the western which has developed values and the belief systems which are obviously at odds with each other, projecting the whole new steps of fresh politics or problems of the culture war into the agenda of politics. The article shows a shift from the authoritarian to libertarian values in relation to various factors. The author therefore brings out the understanding of the development of the recent politics in terms of the ways the political rule is carried out stating it to have shifted from another type of rule which was carried out in the ancient times. The author has come to state the shifting to be from influence of various key factors. This article is important in the completion of my proposal as its gives the factors that have actually influenced the politics of the Europe.
iii. Plan: modus operandi, procedure, division of problem, etc.
iii. other grammatical usage (subject/verb agreement, possessives, etc.)
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